Installation methods

This post is dedicated to installation methods. This is one of the top questions which should be considered when deciding for a wooden floor. There are few main ways to install a wooden floor...
Posted on03-01-2016 by 1052
Installation methods
This is one of the top questions which should be considered when deciding for a wooden floor. There are three main ways to install a wooden floor:
  • Glued Down
  • Floating
  • Nailed
Of course some combinations between these methods can be chosen in some cases. Before installation the damp risk should be assessed and if required a DPM should be applied.

Glued Down Wooden Floor Hardwood or Engineered

Glued Down - should be chosen for every floor (if possible)

Advantages - perfectly stable as the new floor will be connected and bonded on all the surface with the sub-floor so no flexibility or bounciness; copes very well with small level variations; long term durability
Sub-floor - leveled concrete and screed (not self-leveling compound), plywood, OSB; virtually on any levelled, continuous and stable floor without loose areas.
Application - the adhesive is spread with a notched trowel after which the wood is laid over. It will be hardened between 1 and 3 days (depending on adhesive).
Caution - it can be messy and also can ruin the wood finish if used by inexperienced and untidy fitter...

Floating with underlay Wooden Floor Hardwood or Engineered

Floating - if the first method cannot be used

Advantages - It is a compromise for having a wooden floor installed quick and with minimum requirements for the sub-floor;
Sub-floor - almost any kind with minimum preparations
Application - over the sub-floor is laid a sheet of underlay and over it the wood boards will be installed by gluing them in the grove (to avoid any future separation)
Caution - the newly installed floor will be bouncy and in some areas where there are gaps or bumps a vertical flexibility will be noticeable. Also a small hollow sound will be present when stepping harder over the floor.

Nailed down Wooden Floor Hardwood or Engineered
Nailed down - should used only for public areas 
(not recommended for living spaces)
Advantages - very fast
Sub-floor - only on leveled joists or special wooden structure; also 18mm plywood
Application - with a flooring nailer, secret nails are driven diagonally above the tongue through the board into the supporting wood structure
Caution - there is a high risk for squeaks to develop in time, especially in the most trafficked areas which means that you are going to hear them with each passing.
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Fitting engineered boards - Dark coloured: there is an elegant sophistication that dark engineered floors display. Whether it’s the mystery behind the dark colour or it’s the dramatic feeling they bring to interiors, dark engineered boards are well esteemed. Many are thinking that they can make a room feel too gloomy and cold but dark hardwood floors can actually make your home feel brighter...

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Fitting engineered boards - Light coloured: like the walls, a floor is a blank canvas and can set the design tone for the rest of the room. When choosing a light engineered flooring get inspired from your current ambiance as furniture, walls. Light engineered boards will create the feeling of a larger space and according to the amount of the natural light supplied over the floor...

Fitting wide oak boards engineered floors Fitting wide oak boards engineered floors Fitting wide oak boards engineered floors
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Fitting wide oak boards engineered: the wider and longer the board the more beautiful becomes your floor. It is an impressive sight as it stretches majestically across the expanse of the surface. These boards are proportionately long as well, and they hold a secret: a minimum number of joints created into your floor.

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Engineered Herringbone parquet flooring: Herringbone is one of the first parquet pattern emerged in Europe and also is the most common. Parquet is the floor of floors among wooden floors, mainly because of it’s cost and the craftsmanship needed for installation. Also because of the final exceptional look. Engineered Herringbone parquet battens come in different sizes.

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Engineered chevron flooring parquet installation: chevron engineered flooring parquet (known as Hungarian point) is made from battens cut at various angles. A true classic European pattern. The angle difference changes the way the light reflects over the floor. The chevron engineered parquet is the second most preferred pattern after herringbone.

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Fitting Natural Look Solid Wood Floors: there’s a unique elegance in a natural look solid wood floor. The beauty of natural wood lies in its infinite and peculiar variations in knots, grains and colour. Through these, once completed, your floor will be matchless. It's quite common to have special knots and splits and these blemishes add character!

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Fitting Smoked Oak Solid Wood Floorssmoked oak or fumed oak is obtained through ammonia fuming. This is wood finishing process that darkens wood and makes the grain pattern more visible. The wood is exposed to fumes from a strong chemical solution which reacts with the tannins in the wood. The best results are obtained with white oak as it contains a high level of tannins.

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